TO HAVE TO — ТО BE TO

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  • #45579
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    TO HAVE TO — ТО BE TO

    Необходимость

    ТО HAVE TO — вынужденная необходимость

    ТО BE TO1 — необходимость по договоренности, плану или приказу

    I have to go there. — должен (вынужден)

    I am to go there. — должен, предстоит, (договорились, или такое расписание)

    I had to go there — пришлось

    I was to go there — предстояло

    #45581
    Main Aditor
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    Переведите на русский язык.
    1. I was to wait for her at the railway station.
    2. We were to go to the cinema that afternoon.
    3. They were to start on Monday. 4. He was to telephone the moment she was out of danger.
    5. Roses were to be planted round the pond.
    6. There was to be a discussion later on. 7. We were to get there before the others. 8. He was to tell her where to find us. 9. She was to graduate that year. 10. She was to wear that dress at the graduation party. 11. He is to come here at five o’clock. 12. The train was to leave at five-fifteen.
    1 TO BE может употребляться как модальный тлагол товд>кс в двух временах: Present Simple и Past Simple.

    #45582
    Main Aditor
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    Перефразируйте следующие пред¬ложения, употребляя модальный глагол to be to.
    E.g. 1) The lecture is supposed to begin at eight. The lecture is to begin at eight. 2) I expect her to come and help. She is to come and help. 3) It was planned that we should wait for them at the door. We were to wait for them at the door. 4) It was arranged that he should meet her at the station. He was to meet her at the station. 5) Who will take care of the children? Who is to take care of the children? 1. What am I supposed to do if they come too early? 2 It was arranged that the youngest chil¬dren would play on the beach. 3. We expect you to show the place to her. 4. I am expected to leave tomorrow at the latest. 5. Where am I supposed to be taken? 6. This is Dora. It is arranged that she will share the room with you. 7 And who will do the cooking? 8. It is expected that two more apart¬ment houses will be built here. 9. It was arranged that the cup final would be played that afternoon. 10. Who will meet you at the station?

    #45583
    Main Aditor
    Хранитель

    Вставьте модальные глаголы to have to или to be to.
    1. She … to send a telegram because it was too late to send a letter. 2. They decided that she … to send them a telegram every tenth day. 3. You … to learn all the new words for the next lesson. 4. Do you know this man? He … to be our new teacher of history. 5. Who … to go to the library to get the new books? — I was, but I couldn’t be-
    cause I … to finish some work at the phonetic^ laboratory. 6. It is raining. You … to put on your raincoat. 7. “The patient … to stay in bed for a few days,” ordered the doctor. 8. The child had stomach trouble and … to take castor oil. 9. I told her she … to open the window for a while every day. 10. The agreement was that if Johnny White could not repay the money he had borrowed, then Luke Flint … to have the right to sell the land. 11. If I don’t ring up before six o’clock, then you … to go to the concert hall alone and wait for me at the entrance. Is that clear? 12. The planters … to gather their cotton at once, as they had been warned that heavy rains were expected. 13. I … io wear glasses as my eyesight is very weak. 14. John¬ny White … to borrow from Luke Flint at a high interest, for there was no one else in the district who lent money. 15. “Cheating is a very nasty thing,”‘ said the teacher, “and we … to get rid of it.”

    #45584
    Main Aditor
    Хранитель

    Вставьте модальные глаголы Iо have to или to be to.
    1. Where … the lecture to take place? — I sup¬pose in the assembly hall. 2. So, our plan is as follows: I … to go to the library and bring the books. You … to look through all the material here. Later we … to work together. 3. “You … to do it alone, without anybody’s help,” she said sternly. 4. I … to help my friends with this work now, so I cannot go with you. 5. It was raining hard and we … to wait until it stopped raining. 6. 1 … to ask him about it tomorrow, as today he has already gone. 7. Why didn’t you tell me that I … to buy the books? 8. According to the order of the school¬mistress all the pupils … to return the library books before the twenty-third of May. 9. As we had agreed
    before, we … to meet at two o’clock to go to the stadium together. But Mike did not come. I waited for another half-hour, but then I … to leave as I was afraid to be late. 10. The meeting … to begin at five o’clock. Don’t be late.

    #45585
    Main Aditor
    Хранитель

    Переведите на английский язык, употребляя модальные глаголы to have to или to be to.
    1. Вам предстоит выучить это стихотворение к среде. 2. Мне задали выучить это стихотворение к среде. 3. Мне пришлось выучить это стихотво¬рение к среде. 4. Мне придется выучить это сти¬хотворение к среде. 5. Ему приходится учить это стихотворение сегодня, так как он не выучил его вчера. 6. Вам не придется учить это стихотворе¬ние. 7. Мне не пришлось учить это стихотворе¬ние. 8. Так как он выучил это стихотворение вче¬ра, ему не нужно учить его теперь. 9. На этой неделе нам предстоит встретиться с выдающимся ученым. 10. Выхода не было, и ему пришлось заплатить штраф. 11. Мне было задано написать сочинение о творчестве Пушкина, а для этого мне пришлось перечитать некоторые из его произве¬дений, которые я плохо помнил. 12. Мне придет¬ся посидеть дома это дни. Врач говорит, что я не должен никуда выходить, пока температура не будет нормальной. 13. Посидите здесь, пока он занят. Я думаю, вам не придется долго ждать. 14. Спектакль должен был начаться в семь часов. 15. Мы должны были отложить поездку, так как погода испортилась. 16. Если вы хотите хорошо овладеть языком, вы должны очень много читать. 17. По новому расписанию у нас будет пять уро¬ков английского языка в неделю. 18. Мы реши¬ли, что все должны принять участие в концерте. 19. Рано или поздно вам придется пойти к врачу. 20. В будущем году мы должны начать изучение астрономии. 21. Чтобы разработать новую тео¬рию, ученые должны были провести бесчислен¬ные опыты.

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