English Grammar


       6. Вазифахои феъл дар чумла

Verbs are necessary component of all sentences. Verbs have two important functions: Some verbs put subjects into motion while other verbs help to clarify the subjects in meaningful ways.

The important thing to remember is that every subject in a sentence must have a verb.

Otherwise, you will have written fragment, a major writing error. Here we are going to look at the function of a verb in a sentence.


My English teacher smiled at the plate of cold meatloaf.

My English teacher-subject


Verb is word which shows an action, but it also shows state/possession, presence or absence of a person or thing.

1. I teach English in this Academy.(action)

2. They seems happy today. (State)

3. The players are in the ground. (Presence)

4. The students are not in the classroom. (Absence)

Mental, physical or mechanical verbs always express activity.

Let’s run to the corner and back.  -physical

I know the answer. -Mental

I am, are a student. -state of being.

English verbs and verb phrases perform five primary grammatical functions within sentences in the English language:

1. verb phrase head

read, play, write

2. Predicate

drinks milk, studies,  writes

3. Noun phrase modifier

reading, chewing, sleeping

4. Adjective phrase complement

Wrote, played,

5. Verb phrase complement

To pass, to attend, to own,

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